The first signs of skin cancer

Clinical manifestations of the disease depends on the type of cancer. There are three types of skin cancer: Melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma and basal cell carcinoma.

The first signs of melanoma

If you do not detect melanoma in the early stages of its development, it can lead to death of the patient. Clinically manifested melanoma formation of pigment spots, which resembles a birthmark or a hickey. After some time, begin to increase lymph nodes, which are located next to the spot. These symptoms are cause for referral to a specialist. After all, the sooner the disease is detected, the easier it is to cure it.

The first signs of squamous cell carcinoma

This cancer affects cells, which are located beneath the epidermis. As a result, under the skin blistering and swelling. Outwardly, they look like open sores or warts.

The first signs of basal cell carcinoma

The development of this form of cancer is slow and often asymptomatic. Symptoms of the disease usually appear on the neck and face, but can affect any part of the body. Among the first symptoms of basal cell carcinoma are:

  • sores.
  • In rare cases, there is bleeding.
  • Soreness and itching of the skin.
  • The appearance of red scaly patches on the skin.

If these symptoms do not disappear within a month, an urgent need to consult a dermatologist.

The initial stage of skin cancer

The first visible symptom of the disease is the appearance of the skin or nodule formation warty, which begins to grow rapidly. The surface of this formation shelled, easily injured and bleeds. Further development of the tumor leads to a widening of its, how deep, and over the skin.

Papillary form of skin cancer manifests as a solid tumor in a dense assembly bumpy surface.

Endophytic form of cancer seen in the appearance of skin nodules, in the center of which is formed ulcer. Gradually she begins to deepen and grow in size, its edges are shaft-like.

Symptoms of Skin Cancer

What are the symptoms of skin cancer? It, in many ways, It depends on the form of the disease.

The main symptoms of skin cancer are:

  • Feeling of tiredness and fatigue.
  • Loss of appetite, refusal to eat.
  • Causeless weight loss.
  • The increased for a long time, the temperature.
  • enlarged lymph nodes.
  • Increasing the moles, change their shape and color.
  • Pain.

The most common form of skin cancer surface. Its clinical manifestation begins with the formation of several small, confluent nodules. they are painless, have a dense consistency, white or yellowish color, slightly above the skin surface. Sorry, Few go to the doctor at this time. And in vain! After all, on the tumor begins to grow, gradually acquiring the form of plaques.

In addition to surface, There is also a papillary and infiltrating form of skin cancer. The first is relatively rare and is characterized by the formation of tumors, in the form of bleeding, dense knot. The second and more common form is manifested ulcerated tumors with lumpy and uneven bottom.

Squamous skin cancer

This cancer usually affects men. Localized swelling most often on the lower lip. A common symptom for all types of squamous cell carcinoma is a fast-growing tumor. Besides, due to contact with lesions of infection in patients, pain. With this type of cancer appear very quickly metastasized, which attack the lymph nodes, adjacent to the tumor.

For ulcerous forms of this cancer characteristic feature is the formation of ulcers on the skin surface, shaped somewhat like crater. Its edges tightly raised. The bottom of the uneven, covered with crusts. Ulcer is growing rapidly, taking all the new skin.

The emergence of dense, moving parts characterizes the development of nodular forms of cancer. knots, with the growth of, fused with the skin, lose mobility and become painful.

Plaque squamous skin cancer is red. It grows rapidly and often bleeds. The tumor spreads rapidly, gradually penetrating into the deeper layers of the skin.

Basal cell skin cancer

This cancer is most often localized on the neck or face. Basal cell carcinoma most commonly affects white males between the ages of 40 years and above and develops from the cells of the deepest, basal layer of the skin. The disease often proceeds without pronounced symptoms. In some cases, may cause bleeding ulcers, that grow slowly over several years. Ulcers are painless and only occasionally cause itching.

The main causes of this form of cancer are:

  • Prolonged exposure to the skin to sunlight.
  • Prolonged exposure to ionizing radiation or high temperatures.
  • Exposure to carcinogens (soot, fly, arsenic, oils, resins).
  • Some viral infections.

The most common form of basal cell carcinoma is the nodal. Besides, distinguish surface-peptic disease and cicatricial form.

The course of treatment of basal cell skin cancer depends on the nature, Tumor size and type, and may be:

  • ray (the tumor is irradiated with X-rays).
  • surgery (tumor removed surgically).
  • Krïogennım (destroy the tumor by means of freezing).
  • laser.
  • medicines.
  • combine (combines different therapies).

An important factor in the development of the treatment is the patient's condition.

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(0552) 49 24 32
050 396 36 55
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