What is corn and corns?

Corns – it plots the firm, coarsened and dead skin. They are created to protect the skin and subcutaneous structures from the pressure, friction and damage. They can be gray or yellow tint, less sensitive to prikasaniû compared to the rest of the skin and have the bugorčatuû structure. Calluses on the hands and feet of a healthy person have normal form. But if corn grows and causes pain, This is already a medical problem.

  • Calluses are formed mainly on the hands and feet, but may also occur in other places, subjected to friction, such as knees and elbows.
  • Calluses on the hands appear, as a rule, at the base of the fingers. They do not usually cause pain, and, conversely, You may find useful. For example, calluses on the hands of the Carpenter can keep his hands from scrapes and cuts in working hours. Calluses on the Palms at tennis player can protect his palms during the rubbing of a tennis racket.
  • Corns on the feet are formed under fingers, on the heel and the back of the thumb. They are often formed at the junction of the foot and the big toe (the reverse side of the metatarsal bone).

  • Calluses on the soles of the feet also are formed in the ground rubbing fingers each other. Corn can be soft and firm structure. Soft corns are formed mainly between the fourth and fifth toes, solid – the bony part of the finger (usually, on the little finger).

Here you will see images of corns and calluses.

Corns! – it plots thicken, coarse, dead skin. They obrazovuûtsâ to protect the skin and subcutaneous structures from the pressure, friction and damage. They can be grey or žel′tyj hue, less sensitive compared to the surrounding skin and hard to the touch.

Corns on the feet are formed on the balls of your toes, the heel and back of thumb. they often formed at the junction of the foot and the big toe.

Bone calluses – This area of the firm, coarsened and dead skin. They obrazovuûtsâ to protect the skin and subcutaneous structures from the pressure, friction and damage. They can be gray or yellow tint, less sensitive compared to the surrounding skin and have the bugorčatuû structure.

Calluses on the soles of the feet in the ground obrazovuûtsâ finger rubbing each other. Soft corns are formed mainly between the fourth and fifth toes, solid – the bony part of the finger, usually on the little finger.

Reasons for the formation of calluses and corns

Calluses and corns are formed over time, as a result of the continuing pressure on the area of skin. With prolonged rubbing skin dies off, and formed a firm, rough surface. Soft corn occurs in the same way. When in place the jackpot accumulates callus formation, hard corn softened. It, as a rule, occurs in areas of friction of fingers. Calluses and corns do not occur due to viral infection and are not contagious.

Calluses on the hands usually arise due to friction when working with various tools (hoe or hammer) or sporting equipment (tennis racquet).

Calluses and corns on the feet are formed due to pressure shoes.

  • Tight shoes constricting the foot.
  • Shoes with high picks squeezes the front part of the foot.
  • Shoes on the thin soles may have more pressure to lift the Arch of the foot when walking, than shoes with thickened soles.
  • Sandals and other shoes may increase friction, If you wear them without socks.
  • Foot may rub the seams inside the shoe.
  • Large size socks, skomkavšis′, can also create pressure.

Blisters can also form when walking barefoot.

Calluses and corns often occur in bone narostah due to rheumatoid arthritis, also in bursitah, hammertoes fingers foot and nails. Calluses and corns on the feet may also occur under the influence of a constant pressure due to sports (for example, natoptyš on the sole runner), When walking (irregular gait), or as a consequence of bone structure, including flat feet and bone Spurs (small bone growths on the joints).

Symptoms

The presence of calluses or corns can be identified by their appearance. Natoptyš hard and dry to the touch, has grey or yellow tint, less sensitive when you touch compared to the rest of the skin, knobby.

Hard corn is rough, structure selection. It can be in the form of a yellow circle with a grey Centre. Soft corn looks, as an open wound or ulcer.

Calluses and corns, as a rule, do not cause pain, However, you might get sick when walking or when your feet shod, When the shoes becomes closer. Pain may occur at any pressure on corn.

How to determine the presence of calluses?

Corn or natoptyš can be detected during a medical examination. The doctor will ask you questions about your work, hobbies and shoe type, you wear. If the problem is in the structure of bones, assigned x-ray.

In the case of such diseases, as diabetes, the defeat peripheral artery disease or peripheral neuropathy or any other State, calling circulatory problems, before we begin to treat corns, consult your doctor.

Calluses and corns do not need treatment, If you do not cause pain. If you still have pain, You must stop the pressure or friction, is the cause of emerging corns, so they dragged. To do this, you must wear comfortable shoes, using soft linings (fabric "Moleskine") and other protective means, to soften the corn area or Plantar callosity.

Protective linings can eliminate pressure or friction, triggers the formation of calluses and corns. For calluses and corns to the small size of the cut out circle of soft fabric and cut out the circle in the Center, to make a Pincushion in the form of rings. Attach the circle to corns, that it okazals′ in the heart.

You can also use a soft metatarsal pad, putting her on the area under your fingers, near large Plantar callosity. Lining creates a soft surroundings and eliminate pressure. There are plûsnevye lining of various materials, such as rubber, felt, soft plastic.

You can use the softener pads, separating fingers, lining for the fingers, pouches and sleeves for fingerless.

These are small pads to protect your fingers from rubbing each other. They help prevent the formation of corns between toes.

Lining for the fingers weaken pressure, prevent friction of fingers each other, the formation of calluses and corns on toes and feet.

Pouches and sleeves for fingerless dress up on your finger and protect flanks and tips of fingers. They prevent the formation of corns between toes, arising as a result of friction.

Besides, corn or natoptyš can be mitigated, then remove the omertvevšij plot using salicylic acid.

The doctor may remove corn or using a small natoptyš were. You can reduce the size of corns or Plantar callosity, hold the foot in warm water and soskobliv rough skin with pumice. Never cut corns or natoptyš yourself, especially if you have diabetes or another medical condition, geeky circulatory problems or numbness. In some cases it may be necessary to surgically remove calluses or Plantar callosity or change bone structure.

As far as common calluses and corns?

Calluses and corns are formed in most people. They are more likely to occur in slim people and women, probably, due to the fact, that women often wear shoes, that rub your feet, in particular shoes high picks or thin soles.

Calluses and corns-symptoms

The presence of blisters or Plantar callosity can be identified by their appearance. Natoptyš rough, dry and thickened, has grey or yellow tint. It is less sensitive to prikasaniû compared to the rest of the skin, and the knobby on the touch. Ogrubevšij corn too hard and thickened, can be in the form of a yellow circle with a grey Centre. Soft corn looks, as an open wound.

Calluses and corns, as a rule, do not cause pain, However, you might get sick when walking or when your feet shod, When the shoes becomes closer. Pain may occur at any pressure on corn.

Here you will see the image of a Plantar callosity, as well as hard and soft corns.

Corn can be confused with wart. Warts are more sensitive and hurt when verčenii from side to side, While the calluses and corns usually hurt by direct pressure. Here are pictures of different types of wart, having resemblance with calluses and corns.

Normal or podošvenna wart may look like corn or natoptyš. However, calluses and corns caused by friction or pressure, While the cause of warts can be a virus (human papilloma virus).

Other education, resembling corn or natoptyš:

  • Education on the skin, for example, Burr.
  • Inflammation of the articular tissue at the end of the metatarsal bones (SYNOVITIS).

  • Wedged between toes nerve (Morton's syndrome).
  • Cornification skin, caused by genetically.

Calluses and corns-diagnosis and tests

Calluses and corns can be detected during a medical examination. In the presence of calluses or corns on the feet you will need to remove your shoes and socks, to have a doctor examine your feet. If you have corns on other sites, for example, on the elbows, these areas will also be examined.

The doctor will ask you questions about your work, hobbies and shoe, you wear. If you suspect problems with the bone of the foot doctor will prescribe x-rays.

If the corn is out of scope or hardening of the bone of the foot, and the reason for their occurrence is not friction, the doctor will look for other possible causes, which can be a skin cancer or hereditary diseases.

Tell your doctor about such diseases, as diabetes, the defeat peripheral artery disease or peripheral neuropathy. These conditions affect the choice of method of treatment.

Calluses and corns-treatment

Calluses and corns do not need treatment, If you do not cause pain. If you still have pain, It is necessary to eliminate the pressure or friction, a cause of corns. Originally, you can apply the techniques for the care of feet at home, including select comfortable shoes, use a pumice stone and OTC products, containing salicylic acid.

In the case of such diseases, as diabetes, the defeat peripheral artery disease or peripheral neuropathy or any other State, calling circulatory problems, before we begin to treat corns, talk with your doctor.

Depending on the field of education and the availability of other States, such as diabetes, There are several types of treatment of calluses and corns:

  • The doctor cuts corn or using a small natoptyš were.
  • You can reduce the size of corns or Plantar callosity, hold the foot in warm water and then soskobliv rough skin with pumice. Never cut corns or natoptyš yourself, especially if you have diabetes or another medical condition, geeky circulatory problems or numbness.
  • Wear comfortable, loose shoes with a wide toe box. This will prevent rubbing your fingers together and reduce pressure on soft corns. Shoes with a wide toe box will also facilitate the pressure on fingers and hard calluses or corns!. Thicker soles can help alleviate the pressure on corns while walking.
  • Use protective pads of cloth “Moleskine” or orthotics to alleviate calluses and corns, as well as for creating comfortable Wednesday for the feet and toes, to prevent rubbing fingers each other. Your doctor will help you position the small pillows as desired.
  • To soften calluses and corns, use salicylic acid, then wash them pumice stone. Some doctors do not recommend the use of salicylic acid, because it can damage surrounding skin. When you use salicylic acid try not to spread it beyond the blisters or Plantar callosity.
  • Use the plûsnevye inserts for shoes, in order to more evenly distribute the load of the body mass to hoist the Arch of the foot. With this same purpose, athletes, running long distances, can use orthopedic shoe inserts.

Operation

Surgical treatment in the treatment of corns rarely required. But if the cause is bone structure (molotkoobraznyj finger or foot bunions), may require surgery, to change or remove bone formation. The operation is performed only in the case of failure the previous methods. If soft corns are not treatable, You can merge the skin between the bases of adjacent fingers (blending of the fingers). This creates a drum in place of education prevents new corns and calluses.

Complications

Left untreated calluses or corns can cause the following condition:

  • Pain when walking or during wear.
  • Need to change the posture and gait, to avoid pain.
  • Inflammation of the sinoviuma between the skin and bone (bursitis).
  • Blisters.
  • Infection of bone (osteomyelitis) or bacterial respiratory infection (septic arthritis).
  • Rana (ulcer) on the skin.

If you have diabetes, education increases the likelihood of wounds on the soles of the feet. In one study more 200 cases of ulcers on feet, due to diabetes, in people, which doctor regularly cut calluses and corns, ulcers are formed much less, There were fewer visits to the doctor and fewer operations to remove ulcers.

Things to ponder

Be careful, reducing corn or natoptyš using a pumice stone. If you remove too much of and go too deep, bleeding may occur, and, as a consequence of, infection.

Some lining for corns contained within medicine. It, as a rule, excessively softens corns and may cause infection. Therefore, It is better not to use this type of linings.

If corn or natoptyš on your foot hurts and does not pass, You may need a doctor's examination, specializing in the treatment of diseases of the feet (doctor-orthopedist).

Calluses and corns-home treatment

Initially you can apply methods of foot care in home, choosing comfortable shoes, using a pumice stone and OTC products, containing salicylic acid.

In the case of such diseases, as diabetes, the defeat peripheral artery disease or peripheral neuropathy, or any other State, calling circulatory problems, before we begin to treat corns, consult your doctor.

The method of treatment is determined depending on the place of education or corns Plantar callosity, as well as other conditions, that you experience, such as diabetes.

The following are the methods of treatment and prevention of calluses:

  • The doctor may remove corn or using a small natoptyš were. You can reduce the size of corns or Plantar callosity, hold the foot in warm water and then soskobliv rough skin with pumice. Never cut corns or natoptyš yourself, especially if you have diabetes or another medical condition, geeky circulatory problems or numbness.
  • Wear comfortable, loose shoes with a wide toe box. This will prevent rubbing your fingers together and reduce pressure on soft corns. Shoes with a wide toe box will also facilitate the pressure on fingers and hard calluses or corns!. Thicker soles can help alleviate pressure on the corn while walking.
  • Use protective pads of cloth “Moleskine” or orthotics to alleviate calluses and corns, as well as for creating comfortable foot Wednesday fingers, to prevent rubbing fingers each other. Your doctor will help you position the small pillows as desired.
  • To soften calluses and corns, use salicylic acid, then wash them pumice stone. Some doctors do not recommend the use of salicylic acid, because it can damage surrounding skin. When you use salicylic acid try not to spread it beyond the blisters or Plantar callosity.
  • Care for your feet. Regularly wash and use lotion to soften skin. When dry skin blisters often burst and bleed.

Methods of prevention

The formation of calluses and corns can be prevented, reducing and limiting pressure on the skin of the feet.

  • Wear comfortable, loose shoes.
  • Wear suitable to fit socks. Free socks komkaûtsâ and pressure in fingers.
  • Working a shovel or rake, wear gloves. If friction subjected to other areas of the body, use appropriate protective equipment. For example, If you stand on your knees, wear knee pads.

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