Hyaluronic acid injections into the knee joint effective?

In modern medical practice commonly used method of injection joints. This method makes it possible to eliminate the inflammation in the joints and to prevent their deformation. Intra-articular injections into the knee joint is subject to risks efficiency, it depends on, What drugs are used. The most popular and in demand are those, which contains hyaluron.

It is a natural shaft element articular lubricant. It has a direct effect on the flexibility of cartilage tissue, thereby protecting it from abrasion. Due to the shortage of hyaluronic acid is formed in the body of a plurality of joint ailments - cartilage tissue is weakened and over time is erased.

Thanks to the recovery degree of hyaluronic acid, improves cartilage sliding plane and increases their flexibility. Hyaluron restores softening properties in the cartilage tissue Relations, that the beneficial effect on the mobility of the joints.

If you start with injections of hyaluronic acid in the first phase of the disease, it is possible to get rid of the manifestations strongly manifested inflammation. Hyaluronic acid - is excellent alternative to surgical intervention and is an efficient method for reconstruction of cartilage tissue slight time interval.

What is the joints Hyaluronic Acid

Hyaluron is located in epithelial tissue, in joint and nerve fibers. This component is available as a part of joint fluid. It serves to prevent friction joint elements, which improves cushioning.

Hyaluronic acid acts as a lubricant component, and it makes the movement smooth and prevents early tissue formation. When the synovial fluid is insufficient or its composition is abnormal, the joint is able to break down. This causes a decrease in the amplitude of the motor.

Modification of the composition and the lubricant can be provoked:

  • overweight;
  • hereditary predisposition;
  • Excessive physiological strain;
  • Age and so on.

When there is a so-called "drying out" joints, the doctor will often recommend the use of hyaluronic acid injections. In such therapy is used in the medical practice such as arthrosis disease. For example, for the knee, hyaluronic acid is used in all cases, regardless of the cause of. Furthermore it prescribed in rehabilitation after arthroscopic or herbs joints.

What is the injection of Hyaluron


Hyaluronic acid is produced as an injection for the joints and is a natural protector.

In the orthopedic industry means it is available in several types:

  • One is produced from the extracted components of animal tissue;
  • Another is a synthesized product specific microorganisms.

Optimal selection of a genetic form of colonies, gives high-quality properties of the drug. Besides, allergic synthetic lowest level.

Medicinal properties of injection with hyaluron

Коленный сустав

In the formation of pathological condition of the cartilage tissue in the knee joint experiences atrophic / deformation changes. Propulsion energy is hampered, and there are pains in humans because of the dismemberment and the loosening of connective tissue fibers.

An injection of drugs with hyaluron knee immediately brings a number of useful effects:

  • Improvement of trophism cartilage tissue, creating fruitful conditions for the restoration of the joint;
  • Increasing the viscosity of the lubricant inside the joint, decrease the mutual friction of the articular surface during locomotor activity;
  • Warning inside knee forming inflammatory reactions.
Especially noticeable impact, when the knee joint is the initial phase of dystrophy. Another important factor is the, The presence of inflammation in the joint capsule of hyaluronic acid will prick useless. Hyaluron lose their properties in the event of, if the patient is coupled with arthritis arthrosis.

So, if the knee is inflamed, the paramount held anti-cure. And after her an injection hyaluron. Reviews of such treatment only confirm the effect.

Due to the injection of hyaluronic acid into the joint is provided:

  • Forcing the regeneration of tissue damage;
  • Lubrication joint surfaces under reduced content of synovial fluid;
  • Minimizing cartilage grinding;
  • Occupancy irregularities and cracks cartilage;
  • Stimulating the body elicit personal hyaluronic acid;
  • Redistribution of fluid tissue metabolism;
  • Napityvanie chondrocytes;
  • Increased tissue resistance;
  • fluid ligament, which comes into the joint cavity;
  • The transformation of water into a gel joints;
  • Execution of the buffer function in the process of increasing the load on the joint or compression effects;
  • Implementation barrier synovial fluid;
  • Reduced symptoms of inflammation.

Carrying out the procedure and dosage

Коленный сустав

Standard procedure for injection of hyaluronic acid is in the input means into the diseased joint. Injections carried out in the form of a course only once in 7 days. In general, it ranges from 3 to 5 injections. Sometimes it is allowed to inject the drug directly into a number of joint places. In some cases, specialist prescribes additional therapy.

The scheme of the procedure takes place in several stages:

  • Medic breaks package, wherein the formulation is filled with a syringe;
  • The syringe is then carefully removed;
  • Further, the cap is removed and put on the cannula, necessarily the appropriate size, which is fixed by a simple turning;
  • air is discharged from the syringe, and a needle is inserted into the joint.
It is recommended every six months to a year to re-conduct the course. If the inflammation has begun intra, then before injections, the patient is being treated with corticosteroids. All this will make it possible to remove the inflammatory process and increase the effectiveness of therapy hyaluron.

It has established and adopted modalities for injection:

  • Thrust into the knee joint is carried out only under sterile conditions;
  • When making a shot 5 time and no improvement occurs, it is best to terminate the procedure and to take other therapeutic actions;
  • If the treatment of a decrease in the liquid level inside the knee joint synovial fluid, then spend his puncture;
  • Avoid contact with eyes preparations;
  • When the injection of the drug can not be, to the blood vessels have been touched and damaged.

Types of drugs with hyaluron for joints


To date, according to the recommendations of experts, and confirm that the patient reviews, There are the following the most effective and popular drugs:

    1. RusVik.

The medicament manufactured domestic manufacturer. RusVik release the syringe, packed individually. Shot in the knee is contraindicated in autoimmune diseases or in their treatment, women, Unborn baby. Also, it is not recommended, if it found any inflammatory and infectious disease in the knee joint. And the, who use drugs, anticlotting.

    1. Suplazin.

The medicament in the syringe is sold, which contains 20 mg of hyaluronic acid and a number of other auxiliary substances. Thrust knee Suplazina used as a substituent of synovial fluid in the postoperative period, in Osteoarthritis and osteoarthritis. Suplazin helps alleviate the intense pain, arising from such ailments.

When the disease is an acute phase and is shown for the first time, it is enough of course 3 injection. In chronic knee ailment treated about 1.5 months and then will need to make 6 injections. But, the solution takes only a doctor, because many factors affect it.

Typically, injections are carried perfectly Suplazinom, and the side effects occur quite rarely. The injections are carried out in compliance with aseptic and antiseptic rules, thus, in the home, such a procedure is not permissible.

In the clinic, the patient will always be under the supervision of, and the doctor will be able to monitor the improvement in his condition and will solve all the tactics of the disease.

  1. Gialyuks.

This drug is a hyaluron manufacturer produces in the form of injections. The syringe main substance is present 2 ml. Is administered directly into the joint cavity. That is,, Gialyuks - a substitute for synthetic type of synovial fluid, helping to eliminate pain in diseases, leading to the disintegration of the joint.

The course consists of 3 injection, which make once a week. Total course lasts for 3 weeks. The medicine is taken by the body good, and side effects are rare. Only contraindication is the high sensitivity to Hyaluron. Gialyuks often prescribed for older people. However, pregnant and lactating women, it is prescribed only in extreme situations.

Contraindications for injections

Женщина врач

Hyaluronic acid is well tolerated by most patients, thanks to its physiological structure.
But, there are contraindications injections, introduced into the knee joint.

So, you can not do a shot in the knee while:

  • Initial period of rehabilitation;
  • high sensitivity;
  • Strongly manifested during inflammation in the treated area.

Possible side effects

Скелет человека

Thrust hyaluronic acid in the knee can bring side effects such as edema and pain. For this reason, experts recommend for 2 days after injections into the knee to avoid the considerable physical stress and great activity.

There are some concerns, which can bring a shot hyaluron:

  • It is impossible to inject in the infected joint;
  • Bleeding may occur after administration of injections, If the patient takes the drug, blood-thinning.

Source – http://gialuron.com/

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