Dysbacteriosis of the intestine

Bacteria overgrowth does not develop in healthy people, a kind of signal of trouble in the body.

Full digestion of food and the protection of the organism is impossible without microbes, living in the gut. Bacteria overgrowth - a state, wherein the composition changes microorganisms, inhabit the intestine (beneficial bacteria becomes less, and harmful, respectively, more), which leads to malfunction of the gastrointestinal tract.

human intestine is populated by whole hordes of microbes - the "bad", "Good" and "neutral". Useful microbes - bifidobacteria, Lactobacilli and Bacteroides - real friends. They help in digestion, protect against allergies, support the immune system and even reduce the likelihood of developing cancer. And keep in check the "enemies": staphylococci, Proteus, streptokokkov, fungi genus Candida.

Sometimes, under the influence of external factors, this balance is disturbed - the number of "useful" bacteria decreases, and harmful microbes begin to lord it in the gut - develop a condition called "dysbiosis". Bacteria overgrowth - this is not an independent disease, but a manifestation of other diseases or any troubles in the body. This condition may be accompanied by gastritis, pancreatitis and other diseases of the digestive system, be a consequence of undergoing intestinal infection, or develop as a result of prolonged use of antibiotics. The impetus for the development of dysbiosis may even serve as a change of habitual diet, which often happens when traveling abroad. For such cases, there is even a special term - "travelers' diarrhea".

Can be suspect dysbacteriosis in the presence of symptoms, as bloating, diarrhea, constipation, smell from the mouth, nausea, allergic reactions to innocuous products ... In this case, correct to refer to a gastroenterologist. The doctor will refer you to the bacteriological analysis of feces and, If necessary,, other studies of the gastrointestinal tract. If confirmed dysbiosis, you will be given treatment - diet, probiotic ("Good" bacteria in the form of powder or capsules), and possibly, and antibiotics, to destroy harmful intestinal inhabitants. It will necessarily be carried out therapy, aimed at disease-cause dysbiosis.

Over time (usually several months) you get rid of bad health and be able to enjoy life again.

The Reasons For

Bacteria overgrowth does not develop in healthy people, a kind of signal of trouble in the body. By the development of dysbiosis can cause a variety of reasons:

  • uncontrolled use of antibiotic;
  • borne intestinal infections (dysentery, salmonellosis);
  • digestive diseases (gastritis, peptic ulcer, bowel disease, pancreatitis, cholelithiasis);
  • surgery on the stomach and intestine;
  • eating disorders (prevalence of food flour, acute, greasy, lack of a sufficient number of plant foods and dairy products);
  • decrease in the body's defenses.

What is going on?

When dysbacteriosis in the gut appear harmful bacteria and fungi (for example, gribki genus Candida), and the number of beneficial microorganisms decreases, which leads to digestive disorders. Without treatment in the intestinal wall gradually develop inflammation (colitis), the disease progresses.

Duration of the current dysbiosis characterized by malabsorption of vitamins, fat, other food components, which leads to weight loss, anemia.

The most frequent manifestations of the disease: abdominal distention, Abdominal pain, frequent diarrhea, constipation or unstable chair (alternating diarrhea and constipation).


  • Diagnosis and treatment of dysbiosis holds a gastroenterologist.


Treatment, as a rule, can restore normal digestion for two temporary mesyatsev.K, successful treatment of intestinal dysbiosis does not guarantee getting rid of the disease for life. The intestinal microflora is very sensitive to external influences and responds to a variety of problems in the human body. To reduce the risk of developing dysbiosis should take antibiotics only under strict indications, time to treat colds and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

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