Atherosclerosis is the defeat of the walls vessels. Besides, atherosclerosis is disease of the whole organism, t. to. the disease presents a serious metabolism, in the first place — fat metabolism.

The formation of plaque

Atherosclerosis characterized, that on the inner surface of the large arteries begins first deposit cholesterol in separate yellowish spots, and then in the form of individual atherosclerotic plaques.

Cholesterol, as well as lecithin, substances, included in the fat, are always in the human body and are necessary for its normal functioning, with cholesterol and lecithin in healthy people are in dynamic equilibrium.

When in the blood increases the amount of cholesterol, he begins to be deposited on the walls of blood vessels. This happens when the neuro-psychic experience, with a decrease in the thyroid and gonads, the excessive use of food, containing cholesterol.

In the future,, around plaques in the walls of blood vessels begin to develop connective tissue and deposited lime. Comes atherosclerosis.

Sometimes the plaques can be broken, resulting in a defect in the tire of the plaque. Such a defect become "stuck" platelets — Platelets, as a result, formed thrombi.

In the removal of a blood clot or thrombus (Thromboembolism), the latter also occludes the vessel lumen, resulting in blood flow stops. These are the causes of disorders of blood flow in atherosclerosis.

Atherosclerosis is the most common in men aged 50-60 and women over 60 years.
Without doubt the value of the so-called risk factors for atherosclerosis.
Acquired risk factors:
- Smoking,
- High level of cholesterol in the blood,
- Overweight,
- High blood pressure,
- Stress,
- Lack of exercise.

Disease develops unevenly, more often, affects the blood vessels of different "areas" of the human body. Therefore, can be identified:

  • cerebral atherosclerosis;
  • atherosclerotic heart disease;
  • atherosclerotic renal;
  • atherosclerosis of the lower extremities.

Atherosclerosis cerebrovascular is the most common disease of the brain, affecting, with the formation of single or multiple foci of lipid, mainly cholesterol, deposits in the inner membrane of brain vessels.

Gradually, the section of the brain, stricken vessel that feeds more and more suffering, substantially losing its efficiency. That loss, in a varying degree, subtle brain functions, judge available cerebral arteriosclerosis. (A) insult, which threatens all suffering from atherosclerosis, is usually the end result of the disease.

Another fairly common disease is thromboangiitis atherosclerosisvessels of the lower extremities. The main symptoms of the disease are: weak pulse arterial leg, chilliness stop, "Intermittent claudication" - the appearance of pain in the calf muscles after a certain distance, and the disappearance of the pain after a short stop. Random small wounds heal more slowly, and in the future may not heal at all and turn into sores.

In the vast majority of cases, the cause of the disease is the development of atherosclerotic plaques on the walls arteries, supplies the lower limbs. In this case, the artery is significantly narrowed, tissues lack oxygen, comes the violation of their food and, in advanced cases, the disease ends gangrenous feet and imminent amputation.

In many cases, atherosclerosis develops unnoticed, which puts the disease in some of the most insidious. However, adherence to a healthy lifestyle, Keep proper metabolism of the organism, will significantly reduce the risk of atherosclerosis.

Diagnosis and treatment of atherosclerosis

In "TORNADO" with atherosclerosis adopted the following list of surveys:

  • Overall patient survey.
  • Blood test the determination of the concentration of cholesterol and lipid balance.
  • Ro-study of the chest.
  • Ultrasound of the heart and abdominal organs.
  • Angiography.
  • Doppler limb vessels.

On the basis of laboratory research cardiologist appointed medical measures:

  • Drug-free treatment.
  • Medication.

Drug-free treatment

To achieve the effect of duration of treatment should be at least 6 months:

  • Giving up smoking.
  • Diet number 10C.
  • LFK.
  • Maintaining psychological and physical comfort.
  • Reduction (If there is a surplus) weight.

Surgical correction

Surgery on the arteries may be open (endarteriectomy), where the removal of plaque or straightening curl is performed using open surgery, or endovascular - dilatation of the artery with a balloon catheter in place with placing restrictions artery stents, prevent vessel reocclusion (transluminal balloon angioplasty and stenting of arteries). The choice of method depends on the location and extent of narrowing or closure of the arterial lumen.

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