Adenovirus infection in children

Adenovirus infection in children is a contagious disease, which is transmitted, as a droplet, and by contact: nutritional or fecal-oral (disease of dirty hands). The source of infection is a sick man. The virus is found in nasal secretions and feces. infected children, because they do not always wash their hands, and swimming in the pools, swallow water. Patients excrete the virus later 3-4 weeks after infection.

In kindergartens and schools infectious disease is transmitted mainly by droplets. Indoors adenoviruses accumulate and are deposited on toys, notebook, textbooks. After infection, the child does not feel any health problems for 3-12 days, although it represents a danger to the children.

The most commonly adenoviral infection in children develops between the ages of six months to three years. When a child is breastfed, danger of infection is low due to immunoglobulins, contained in mother's milk. By adenovirus developed antibodies, which provide immune protection for 5-8 years. But, Immunity is type specific. That is,, a person receives protection only from the type of virus, that caused the disease. And these types of currently about fifty. Therefore, infection with adenovirus children, breastfed, developing a fifty-fifty chance, because in the same geographical area "live" no more than two types of the pathogen

Adenovirus infection in children, Symptoms

Although, adenovirus that can cause completely different diseases localization, to date, only two major infection syndrome: Acute respiratory disorder; Faringokonyuktivalnaya fever. The first form of current adenovirus infection in children, It has symptoms similar to the flu, but differ in severity, and the possibility of joining the bacterial flora. For the flow of acute respiratory disease characterized by the type of general and local manifestations. Common symptoms include the following: The slow onset of the disease: lethargy, malaise, lack of appetite; Chills, alternating with febrile. Local manifestations are localized in the "entrance gate": Nasal congestion; Fluent coryza; Redness and swelling of the tonsils; hacking cough. When adenoviral infections in children, flowing through faringokonyunktivita type, primarily increased body temperature: from 38 to 40 ° C. Such a state lasts for two to five days. Simultaneously, inflammatory changes occur at the level of the pharynx (pharyngitis) and eyes (conjunctivitis). a child's eyes become bloodshot, and a thin film on the surface thereof. As a rule, first affected one eye, and then the second.

Complications of adenovirus infection Virus infection in young children prone to generalization. Adenovirus enters the respiratory tract and cause pneumonia. Otherwise, it is called a hemorrhagic, because the destruction of the vessels in the alveoli accumulated blood, causing breathing difficulties. When adenoviral infections in children, caused by type №8, there is corneal damage, which can cause the formation of cataracts. During disease children under one year often suffer from intestinal disorders. When the adenovirus localization in lymph nodes of the mesentery develops mezoenterit, whose symptoms are similar to acute appendicitis.

Treatment of adenoviral infections in children

Specific therapy to date does not exist. The action of antiviral drugs does not have the desired effect. Adenoviruses are also not sensitive to all antibiotics and sulfanilamides. Nonetheless, taking into account the anatomical and physiological characteristics of the child's body, doctors prescribe antibiotics, as the treatment of adenovirus infection in children is carried out not in order, to destroy the virus, and in order to prevent severe complications

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